Recommended Bibliography

  • Pausanias, Guide to Greece, Book 4
  • C. Roebuck, 1941. A History of Messenia from 369 to 146 B.C.E.
  • N. Luraghi, 2004. Helots and their Masters in Messenia and Lakonia: Histories, Ideologies, Structures.
  • N. Luraghi, 2008. The Ancient Messenians: Constructions of Ethnicity and Memory.
  • P. J. Rhodes, 2010. A History of the Classical Greek World.
  • S. Alcock, 2002. Archaeologies of the Greek Past, Landscape, Monuments, and Memories, 132-175.
  • P. Cartledge, 2001. Sparta and Lakonia: A Regional History 1300-362 B.C.E.
  • P. Themelis, 2002. Messene, recent discoveries (sculpture), in Excavating Classical Culture (eds. M. Stamatopoulou, M. Yeroulanou), 229-243.